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|Title: ||Medication safety strategies in hospitals - A systematic review|
|Authors: ||Acheampong, Franklin|
Anto, Berko Panyin
Koffuor, George Asumeng
|Keywords: ||Medication errors|
Adverse drug events
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine|
|Citation: ||International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine 26 (2014) 117–131, DOI 10.3233/JRS-140623|
|Abstract: ||BACKGROUND: Medication safety is an essential component of patient safety in health care delivery. Providing strategies to
effectively prevent medication errors and adverse drug events in hospitals has gained international recognition.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to review systematically the research literature on the various interventions for
providing medication safety in hospitals.
METHOD: Eight healthcare databases were searched for full research articles written in English. Reference lists of included
studies were also searched. Research studies involving delivery of interventions in hospitals with the aim of preventing or
reducing medication errors and adverse drug events were examined.
RESULTS: Forty-two studies were selected. Most of the studies were before and after designs without comparative control
groups. Forty studies identified interventions contributing to the prevention and reduction of medication errors. Six broad types of
interventions were identified: computerized physician order entry with or without clinical decision support systems, automation,
computer assisted, barcode technology, pharmacist role, training and system designs.
CONCLUSION: Though studies have provided evidence for individual interventions, there are concerns about the extent of
their effectiveness. This has implications for policy makers and clinicians to adopt multifaceted approach in providing medication
safety in their hospitals.|
|Description: ||An article published by International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine 26 (2014) 117–131, DOI 10.3233/JRS-140623|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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