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|Title: ||Heterogeneous farm household perception about climate change: a case study of semi-arid region of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Badmos, Biola K.|
Villamor, Grace B.
Agodzo, Sampson K.
Odai, Samuel N.
|Keywords: ||Farm Household Heterogeneity|
|Issue Date: ||Aug-2015|
|Publisher: ||The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses|
|Citation: ||The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2015,|
|Abstract: ||Climate change is a serious challenge for the future development of Africa, particularly the drier regions.
Knowledge and awareness about climatic patterns are important for adaptation planning. Although there are many
studies on farmers’ perceptions about climate change, the views of heterogeneous farm households also need to be
addressed. This paper investigates the variations and similarities in the views of heterogeneous farm households about
climate change. We employed a household survey (186) and interviews for data collection. Using principal component
analysis and K-mean cluster analysis, we identified two household types that differ in terms of assets (human, natural and
financial) and we compared their perceptions about climate change. Household-1 farmers are better off than household-
2 in terms of land area cultivated and income generated from rain fed rice. On the other hand, household-2 farmers are
better off than household-1 in terms of area cultivated for maize and income generated from maize. In addition,
household-2 farmers are better off than household-1 in terms of land area cultivated and income generated from
irrigated rice. The findings from this study show that the two household types shared similar views with respect to
rainfall and temperature patterns, as well as in the ranking of climate change drivers. However, variation was observed
in the perceptions of the household types of adaptation constraints. More household-1 farmers (60%) compared to
household-2 (43%) saw access to dry season farmland as a barrier for adaptation. This may be due to the fact that
household-2 farmers are better off with respect to irrigated farming. Heterogeneous household perceptions about climate
change reveal similarities, but differences still exist in some aspects. From a similar environment, we can see that farm
household heterogeneity shows a relationship with climate change perception. Therefore, it will be important to account
for diversities within our local environments when planning for climate change adaptation.|
|Description: ||An article published by The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2015|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Engineering|
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