KNUSTSpace >
Research Articles >
College of Science >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11060

Title: Use of pineapple waste for single cell protein (SCP) production and the effect of substrate concentration on the yield
Authors: Mensah, Jim K. M.
Twumasi, Peter
Keywords: Growth rate
Pineapple waste
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
single cell proteins (SCP)
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Journal of Food Process Engineering
Citation: Journal of Food Process Engineering; 2017;40:e12478.Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.12478
Abstract: Single cell protein (SCP) is used as a protein supplement in animal feed and protein rich foods for humans. In this study, extracts of pineapple waste were used as substrate for SCP production using Saccharomyces cerevisiae sp. (Baker or brewing yeast). The study also focused on the effect of the pineapple substrate concentration on the yield of SCP. Pineapple waste were collected from food processing companies in Kumasi and processed into pineapple juice extracts. The residual soluble sugars in the extract were measured and the concentration adjusted (40–100% v/v) for various submerged yeast fermentations to produce the SCPs. Initially, the yeast cells were cultured on Yeast Potato Dextrose Agar (YPDA) and then transferred into a Nutrient Broth to generate the activated yeast inoculum for the final fermentation. Pineapple extracts in 2.50 3 1024 m3 conical flasks at various concentrations were each inoculated with 1 mL inoculum. The set-ups were incubated at 298 K and the yeast cells or colonies counted at 24 hr interval for 5 days. Biochemical analysis of the substrate revealed the following composition: pH of 5.5 and 4.7% (m/v) total soluble sugars. Maximum yield and doubling time/hr of SCPs (3.01 kg/m3, 1,108 hr) was observed for the 60% (v/v) pineapple substrate concentration. The 100% (v/v) substrate concentration produced the least SCP yield of 2.5 3 1022 kg/m3. It is concluded from this study that pineapple waste generated in the food processing industry serves as good substrates for SCP production with high-potential economic value. Practical applications Single cell proteins are utilized mainly as food supplement for human beings and animals. Several other applications of single cell proteins are available. It is used as a health food to control obesity, and provide instant energy to especially sports men. It is also used in therapeutic and natural medicines to: reduce body weight, cholesterol, stress, lower blood sugar in diabetic patients, promote healthy eyes and skin, and increase lactation. It is further used in the technical field for paper and leather processing, and as foam stabilizer.
Description: An article published by Journal of Food Process Engineering; 2017;40:e12478.Available online at: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.12478
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11060
Appears in Collections:College of Science

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
jfpe12478.pdf779.17 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback