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|Title: ||Prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among prisoners; a systematic review|
|Authors: ||Agyapong, Nana Ama Frimpomaa|
Annan, Reginald Adjetey
|Keywords: ||Cardiovascular diseases|
|Issue Date: ||26-Oct-2017|
|Publisher: ||Nutrition & Food Science|
|Citation: ||Nana Ama Frimpomaa Agyapong, Reginald Adjetey Annan, Charles Apprey, "Prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among prisoners; a systematic review", Nutrition & Food Science , https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-06-2017-0114 Permanent link to this document: https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-06-2017-0114|
|Abstract: ||Purpose: Cardiovascular diseases threaten the global health system and their prevalence
among the incarcerated population poses a huge economic burden to governments. The
purpose of this paper is to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors
Method: A systematic review was done on published studies that looked at prevalence and
risk factors of cardiovascular disease among either male or female prisoners or both.
PubMed, PubMed Central, Google scholar, Cochrane and Medline databases were searched
from a period of 6th June 2016 to 23rd June 2016. Quality assessment was done for all papers
based on their methodology.
Findings: Online search yielded a total of 58587 papers of which 43 were appropriately
titled but 21 were rejected based on their abstracts. 5 of the studies could not be included
because full texts were not available. 17 studies that met inclusion criteria in terms of
abstracts and methodology were included in the study. Majority of the studies assessed
weight (64.7%), height (64.7%), BMI (64.7%) as well as blood pressure (17.6%) of inmates.
Two (2) of the studies used secondary data and one (1) collected qualitative information via
focus group discussions. Overall, prevalence of obesity (23.3%), smoking (53.4%) and
physical inactivity (57.5%) reported were high among prisoners.
Practical implications: Most of the studies were conducted in developed countries and this
implies that there is a paucity of data in developing countries where prevalence of
cardiovascular diseases is high. There is the need for more studies to be conducted in this
area among developing countries.
Originality/value: This paper informs stakeholders on factors that put inmates at risk of
cardiovascular diseases and can initiate timely interventions to be implemented within
|Description: ||An article published by Nana Ama Frimpomaa Agyapong, Reginald Adjetey Annan, Charles Apprey, "Prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular
diseases among prisoners; a systematic review", Nutrition & Food Science , https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-06-2017-0114
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|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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