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|Title: ||Sero-prevalence and occupational risk factors for Brucella infection among slaughterhouse workers and butchers in Kumasi, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Amegashie, Esimebia Adjovi|
Salifu, Samson Pandam
Afum-Adjei Awuah, Anthony
Winter, Christian Henrik
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||Journal of Epidemiological Research|
|Citation: ||Journal of Epidemiological Research 2017, Vol. 3, No. 1|
|Abstract: ||Brucellosis remains neglected in many countries despite its public health importance. In developing countries such as Ghana,
there remains paucity of data particularly among high-risk populations such as slaughterhouse workers. The aim of this study
was to determine the prevalence of Brucella infection and risk factors for its transmission among people working in and around
slaughterhouses. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 220 participants selected through a stratified sampling method.
Participants were interviewed about their knowledge on Brucella and their occupational activities using a structured questionnaire.
Collected serum samples were analyzed for anti-Brucella Immunoglobulin M (IgM) and Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies
using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Data was analyzed using uni-and multivariate logistic regression models.
From 220 participants, anti-Brucella IgM- and IgG antibodies were detected in 4 (1.8%) and 21 (9.6%), respectively. 9.3%
of the participants with animal contact at work (5/54) and 11.5% of those working in meat processing (17/148) have heard
about Brucella and its transmission mode. Most of the anti-Brucella IgG seropositive individuals (17/21) were working in the
meat processing category (OR 2.2; 95% CI 0.6-7.9; p = .22). Multivariate analysis showed that job duration was significantly
associated with seropositivity to Brucella IgG (OR 1.31; 95% CI 0.9-1.8, p-value .03). The findings demonstrate recent and
past Brucella infections among workers of the Kumasi abattoir with a high risk for less educated meat processing staff. Thus,
intensive educational programmes on Brucella designed for workers with high risks and improving workplace protection policy
|Description: ||An article published by Journal of Epidemiological Research 2017, Vol. 3, No. 1., Available online at: DOI: 10.5430/jer.v3n1p17 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5430/jer.v3n1p17|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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