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|Title: ||Insecticide Resistance in Malaria Vector Mosquitoes at 5 Selected Districts in Ghana, West Africa|
|Authors: ||Annan, Augustina A.|
Ayimbire, Abonuusum G.
Salifu, Samson Pandam
Ohene, Buabeng K
|Keywords: ||Anopheles gambiae|
Indoor residual spraying
|Issue Date: ||Dec-2014|
|Publisher: ||East African Journal of Public Health|
|Citation: ||East African Journal of Public Health, Volume 11, Number 4, December 2014|
|Abstract: ||Background: The application of insecticides targeted at vector mosquitoes through Indoor Residual Spraying
has been adopted as one of the most effective ways of reducing the burden of malaria. However, key to the
success of such a strategy is baseline information about local vector population and their profiles to any of the
chemicals applied. This paper presents baseline resistance and susceptibility profiles of mosquitoes collected
from 5 districts in Ghana earmarked for Indoor Residual Spraying.
Methods: We collected mosquitoes using hand-held aspirators and determined their susceptibility to the four
classes of insecticides approved by the WHO for IRS. We further used morphological identification tools to
identify the species of the mosquitoes collected.
Results: Out of the total of 5500 mosquitoes collected, 5113 (93.0%) and 387 (7.0%) belonged to the Anopheles
gambiae and An. funestus complexes respectively. Overall, mosquitoes collected showed susceptibilities ranging
from 97-100% to the Organophosphates and the Carbamates (94.3-100%) but were highly resistant to the
Organochlorides (32.2-57.8%) and Pyrethroids (27.7-72.3%).
Conclusion: Our data clearly highlights the importance of prior knowledge of local mosquito populations to any
of the recommended classes of insecticides before IRS is incorporated as part of any intended or existing malaria vector control strategy.|
|Description: ||An article published by East African Journal of Public Health, Volume 11, Number 4, December 2014|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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