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|Title: ||Phytochemical Constituents of Flour and Composite Bread from African Palmyra (Borassus aethiopum) Fruit from Ghana|
|Authors: ||Peprah, Marian|
|Issue Date: ||2018|
|Publisher: ||European Journal of Medicinal Plants|
|Citation: ||European Journal of Medicinal Plants 23(1): 1-7, 2018; Article no.EJMP.40502, NLM ID: 101583475|
|Abstract: ||Aims: To explore the use of Borassus aethiopum fruit as composite flour and bread and determine
the phytochemical composition in each product.
Place and Duration: Department of Biochemistry, and Department of Food science food and
sensory evaluation laboratory, between September, 2016 and April, 2017.
Study Design: An experimental study.
Methods: The African palmyra fruits were obtained from Sekyere Odumase and processed into
Borassus flour and composite bread. Phytochemicals constituents were determined in both
products using aqueous and methanol extracts.
Results: The results of both aqueous and methanol extraction for the phytochemical testing
indicated that the raw B. aethiopum powder (RBAP) contained flavonoids, saponins, phenols,
cardiac glycosides, alkaloids, triterpenes, steroids and sterols. Borassus bread contained flavonoids, alkaloid, triterpenes, steroids and sterols in both extracts, whilst cardiac glycosides,
saponins and phenols maintained their strong presence in both extracts of composite Borassus
bread. Tannins were absent in both extracts of B. aethiopum powder and bread composite. Also,
the total phenol content in the composite bread was lower compared with the Borassus flour
(P=0.000). The total antioxidant capacity in the Borassus flour (EC50= 2.1±0.24 mg/mL) was
significantly higher than the composite bread (EC50=2.24±0.4 mg/mL) (P= 0.000). However, both
products had less antioxidants than standard ascorbic acid (EC50=0.12±0.2 mg/mL).
Conclusion: Both Borassus flour and composite bread had appreciable phytochemicals present,
with some antioxidant capacity which could beneficially help in the management of people with
chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.|
|Description: ||An article published by European Journal of Medicinal Plants 23(1): 1-7, 2018; Article no.EJMP.40502, NLM ID: 101583475|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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