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|Title: ||Wastewater Management in the Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Industries: a Case Study of Phyto- Riker (GIHOC) Pharmaceuticals Limited, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Baah, Michael Awuah|
|Issue Date: ||25-Aug-2007|
|Series/Report no.: ||4943;|
|Abstract: ||Wastewater from industries is creating diverse challenges to the stability of the natural environment. Reduction of pollutants in the wastewater to permissible concentrations is necessary for the protection of the environment. Wastewater to be treated must be fully characterized, particularly with a thorough chemical analysis of possible waste constituents and some water quality parameters. The study was carried out using Phyto- Riker (GIHOC) Pharmaceuticals Limited (PRP), which produces pharmaceutical preparations as a case study. The aim of the study was to identify the characteristics- of the wastewater produced at PRP and to find out the effectiveness of the current wastewater treatment methods being employed in PRP and how the wastewater treatment methods help to meet the Ghana Environmental Protection Agency (GEPA) maximum permissible effluent standards for the Pharmaceutical industry. Wastewater sampled at three different locations (raw wastewater from the industry, wastewater after Activated Sludge System and the Final Effluent after Chlorination) were then characterized and the results of the final effluent compared with GEPA maximum permissible effluent standards.
Characterization yielded the following average results for the final effluent after chlorination.
Temperature - 30.06°C
pH - 7
Dissolved Oxygen -4.0mg/L
Colour - 6.67Hz Units
Total Suspended Solids (TSS) - 64mg/L
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) - 1291.67mg/L
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) - 46.33mg/L
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) - 151.33mg/L
Phosphate - 7.71mg/L
Total Coliform -3.533 x 1O3 Counts /100 ml Faecal Coliform -1.128 xlO3 Count/100 ml Evaluation of the results for the final effluent revealed that the average values for TSS, TDS, Phosphate, Total and faecal coliform were above the GEPA standards whilst the rest within the standard limits set by GEPA.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to the College of Science, Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, 2007|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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