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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11397

Title: Pain Description and Presentation in Children Admitted to a Teaching Hospital in Ghana
Authors: Hammond, C. K.
Dogbe, J.
Osei Tutu, L.
Owusu, M.
Keywords: Pain
Descriptions
Presentation
Children
Akan
Ghanaian
Issue Date: 19-May-2015
Publisher: MedCrave
Journal of Cancer Prevention & Current Research
Citation: Hammond CK, Dogbe J, Paintsil V, Tutu L, Owusu M (2015) Pain Description and Presentation in Children Admitted to a Teaching Hospital in Ghana. J Cancer Prev Curr Res 2(4): 00046. DOI: 10.15406/jcpcr.2015.02.00046
Abstract: Pain is a cardinal symptom of many disease states and a common reason for hospital attendance. In children, however, it is often under treated, partly due to the difficulty in its assessment. This study outlines the causes, anatomic locations and verbal descriptions of pain in children admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Unit of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Ashanti, Ghana. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 273 children aged 5-12 years. Using a structured questionnaire, we obtained information through patient interview and folder review on the causes, locations and verbal descriptions of pain in children hospitalized for non-traumatic medical conditions including cancers. Findings: Sickle cell disease, infections and cancers were the main causes of pain in children admitted to the unit. Abdominal pain was the most frequently reported. Pain description in either English or the local language, Akan was difficult for most children. Conclusion/Recommendations: Pain description is difficult for most Ghanaian children as it requires the use of complex adult language. Therefore, in the management of pain in this population, it is recommended that the clinician places less emphasis on the exact description of pain and rather focus on effective pain relief.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11397
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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