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|Title: ||Livelihood adaptations to climate variability: insights from farming households in Ghana|
|Authors: ||Antwi-Agyei, Philip|
Stringer, Lindsay C.
Dougill, Andrew J.
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Publisher: ||Reg Environ Change|
|Citation: ||Reg Environ Change; DOI 10.1007/s10113-014-0597-9|
|Abstract: ||Climate variability poses a significant threat to
many sectors of Sub-Saharan Africa’s economy. Agriculture
is one of the most climate sensitive sectors because of
its dependence on rain-fed cultivation. This paper identifies
the main adaptation strategies used by farming households
in the Sudan savannah and forest-savannah transitional
agro-ecological zones of Ghana, in order to reduce the
adverse impacts of climate variability on their livelihood
activities. It combines questionnaire surveys, key informant
interviews and a range of participatory methods.
Results show that households employ a range of on- and
off-farm adaptation strategies including changing the timing
of planting, planting early maturing varieties, diversification
of crops, support from family and friends, and
changing their diets to manage climate variability. Results
reveal that most households use adaptation strategies
linked to livelihood diversification to adapt to the increased
climate variability seen in recent decades. Most households
now engage in multiple non-arable farming livelihood
activities in an attempt to avoid destitution because of crop
failure linked to climate variability (particularly drought).
The findings suggest that policy makers need to formulate
more targeted climate adaptation policies and programmes
that are linked to enhancing livelihood diversification, as well as establishing communication routes for farming
communities to better share their knowledge on successful
local climate adaptation strategies.|
|Description: ||An article published in Reg Environ Change;
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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