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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11580

Title: Characterising the nature of vulnerability to climate variability: empirical evidence from two regions of Ghana
Authors: Antwi-Agyei, Philip
Dougill, Andrew J.
Fraser, Evan D.G.
Stringer, Lindsay C.
Keywords: Climate variabiity
Capital assets
Vulnerability assessment
Participatory methods
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Publisher: Sustainability Research Institute
Citation: Sustainability Research Institute, September, 2012
Abstract: This paper builds on an initial national and regional level vulnerability assessment by developing and applying a livelihood vulnerability index at the community and household scales to explore the nature of climate vulnerability. It provides innovative methodological steps in relation to livelihood assessment to identify the vulnerability of households and communities to drought. This will help to improve drought vulnerability assessments in Ghana and more widely as it shows extra information can be obtained from local level vulnerability assessment that may be lacking in national and regional level analysis. The research employs quantitative and qualitative data collected through participatory methods, key informant interviews and a questionnaire survey with 270 households across 6 communities in two regions in Ghana. Results show that within the same agroecological zone, households and communities experience different degrees of climate vulnerability. These differences can be largely explained by socioeconomic characteristics such as wealth and gender, as well as access to capital assets. Results identify vulnerable households within resilient communities as well as more resilient households within vulnerable communities. These outliers are studied in detail. It is found that outlier households in vulnerable communities have an array of alternative livelihood options and tend to be socially well-connected, enabling them to take advantage of opportunities associated with environmental and economic changes. To sustain and enhance the livelihoods of vulnerable households and communities, policymakers need to identify and facilitate appropriate interventions that foster asset building, improve institutional capacity as well as build social capital.
Description: An article published by Sustainability Research Institute, September, 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11580
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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