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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11694

Title: Simulation of climate characteristics and extremes of the Volta Basin using CCLM and RCA regional climate models
Authors: Darko, Deborah
Adjei, Kwaku Amaning
Appiah-Adjei, Emmanuel Kwame
Odai, Samuel N.
Obuobie, Emmanuel
Asmah, Ruby
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Theoretical and Applied Climatology
Citation: Theoretical and Applied Climatology; https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-018-2485-6
Abstract: The extent to which statistical bias-adjusted outputs of two regional climate models alter the projected change signals for the mean (and extreme) rainfall and temperature over the Volta Basin is evaluated. The outputs from two regional climate models in the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment for Africa (CORDEX-Africa) are bias adjusted using the quantile mapping technique. Annual maxima rainfall and temperature with their 10- and 20-year return values for the present (1981–2010) and future (2051–2080) climates are estimated using extreme value analyses. Moderate extremes are evaluated using extreme indices (viz. percentile-based, duration-based, and intensity-based). Bias adjustment of the original (bias-unadjusted) models improves the reproduction of mean rainfall and temperature for the present climate. However, the bias-adjusted models poorly reproduce the 10- and 20-year return values for rainfall and maximum temperature whereas the extreme indices are reproduced satisfactorily for the present climate. Consequently, projected changes in rainfall and temperature extremes were weak. The bias adjustment results in the reduction of the change signals for the mean rainfall while the mean temperature signals are rather magnified. The projected changes for the original mean climate and extremes are not conserved after bias adjustment with the exception of duration-based extreme indices.
Description: An article published in Theoretical and Applied Climatology; https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-018-2485-6
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/11694
Appears in Collections:College of Engineering

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