Research Articles >
College of Science >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Nutritional Status and Non-communicable Diseases in Older Ghanaians|
|Authors: ||Apprey, Charles|
Kalog, Gabriel L.S.
Asamoah- Boakye, Odeafo
Annan, Reginald A.
|Keywords: ||Dietary pattern|
Serum antioxidant vitamins
Non communicable diseases
|Issue Date: ||2019|
|Publisher: ||Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics|
|Citation: ||Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, 2019; Vol.5 No.1:1|
|Abstract: ||Understanding the dietary habits of the elderly population is essential to the evaluation of
their nutritional status and health. This study assessed the dietary patterns and association
with NCDs of older adults in the Sunyani Municipality of Ghana. A cross-sectional study was
conducted among 375 older people aged 60 years and above in the Municipality. Dietary
patterns were drawn using 25 food items identified through food frequency questionnaire.
The weight, height and blood pressure were measured and BMI calculated. Serum vitamin
C and E were also determined for each respondent. The prevalence of overweight, obesity
and high blood pressure among the older adults was 30.9%, 11.2% and 75.2% respectively.
High blood pressure was significantly higher among participants with NCDs (83.7%)
compared to those without NCDs (72.2%) (p=0.044). Additionally, being female older adult
increases the risk of developing NCDs by 1.8 times (OR: 1.7; 95% CI: 1.1-2.7, p=0.006).
Majority of the participants had low serum vitamin C (86.1%) and E (81.3%). Four different
dietary patterns were identified, which were mainly from food groups; carbohydrate,
protein, fruit and vegetable but no legumes, diary food and nuts and seeds. Older adults
with no formal education were less likely to consume vegetables (pattern 2) (OR: 0.3; 95%
CI: 0.1-0.8, p=0.015) than those with formal education. Additionally, obese older adults
were less likely to consume vegetables (OR: 0.3; 95% CI: 0.1-0.7, p=0.009) and fish (pattern
3) (OR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.0-6.9, p=0.049) than normal adult. Obesity, high blood pressure
was found among the older adults. Older adults had poor serum antioxidant vitamins.
Although, dietary pattern of older adults in this study contained carbohydrate, protein,
fruit and vegetable, it did not impact their serum antioxidant vitamins. There is the need
for nutrition policies and education programmes to assist older people improve upon their
nutrition, through consumption of varied foods from all the six food groups.|
|Description: ||An article published in Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, 2019; Vol.5 No.1:1|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.