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|Title: ||Access and utilization of maternal healthcare in a rural district in the forest belt of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Nuamah, Gladys Buruwaa|
Mensah, Kofi Akohene
Quansah, Dan Yedu
|Issue Date: ||12-Jan-2015|
|Publisher: ||Value in Health|
|Citation: ||Value in Health 22:S777|
|Abstract: ||Background: Poor maternal health delivery in developing countries results in more than half a million maternal
deaths during pregnancy, childbirth or within a few weeks of delivery. This is partly due to unavailability and low
utilization of maternal healthcare services in limited-resource settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the
access and utilization of maternal healthcare in Amansie-West district in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study, involving 720 pregnant women systematically sampled from antenatal
clinics in five sub-districts was conducted from February to May 2015 in the Amansie-West district. Data on participants’
socio-economic characteristics, knowledge level and access and utilization of maternal health care services were
collected with a structured questionnaire. Odds ratios were estimated to describe the association between explanatory
variables and maternal healthcare using generalized estimating equations (GEE).
Results: 68.5, 83.6 and 33.6% of the women had > 3 antenatal care visits, utilized skilled delivery and postnatal care
services respectively. The mothers’ knowledge level of pregnancy emergencies and newborn danger signs was low.
Socio-economic characteristics and healthcare access influenced the utilization of maternal healthcare. Compared to
the lowest wealth quintile, being in the highest wealth quintile was associated with higher odds of receiving postnatal
care (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]; 95%CI: 2.84; 1.63, 4.94). Use of health facility as a main source of healthcare was also
associated with higher odds of antenatal care and skilled delivery.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates suboptimal access and utilization of maternal healthcare in rural districts of
Ghana, which are influenced by socio-economic characteristics of pregnant mothers. This suggests the need for
tailored intervention to improve maternal healthcare utilization for mothers in this and other similar settings.
Keywords: Maternal healthcare, Antenatal care, Postnatal care, Skilled delivery, Limited-resource setting, Rural Ghana,
Amansie west district|
|Description: ||This article is Published in Value Health, November, 2019 and available at DOI: 10.1016/j.jval.2019.09.1993|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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