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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12067

Title: Chemical Diversity of Lippia multiflora Essential Oils from West Africa
Authors: Juliani, H. Rodolfo
Simon, James E.
Quansah, Charles
Asare, Eric
Akromah, Richard
Acquaye, Dan
Asante-Dartey, Julie
Mensah, Merlin L.K.
Fleischer, Theophilus C.
Dickson, Rita A.
Annan, Kof
Mensah, Abraham Y.
Keywords: Lippia multiflora
Verbenaceae
essential oil composition
sabinene
p-cymene
limonene
1,8-cineole
linalool
thymol
thymyl acetate
(E)−β−farnesene
germacrene D
(E, E)-farneso
chemotype
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: Journal of Essential Oil Research
Citation: Journal of Essential Oil Research, 20, 49–55 (January/February 2008)
Abstract: The essential oil content, composition and the physicochemical properties of Lippia multiflora leaves from twelve different regions in Ghana were characterized in this study. The Ghanaian oils showed a significant variability in their chemical composition and five chemotypes were identified. The oil from Aframso Bridge was yellow with a refractive index (RI) of 1.4853, density (DE) of 0.894 and was dominated by linalool (29%) and germacrene D (28%) with fresh, and slightly medicinal and spicy aroma. Ghanaian samples from Seikwa, Buem Nsuta and Golokwati were characterized by high levels of sesquiterpenes (45–70%). The aroma was medicinal/ herbaceous and the color was typically yellow, except the oil from Seikwa which was dark orange-yellow, RI ranging from 1.4920 to 1.5043 and DE 0.893 to 0.93 D. The oils from Nyankpala, Sari, Amantin, Atebubu and Kobre contained high levels of aromatic monoterpenes (p-cymene 14–19%, thymol 30–40%, and thymyl acetate 14–17%). The oils were characterized as spicy and the color ranged from dark yellow (Nyankpala, Sari and Kobre) to yellow (Atebubu and Amantin) (RI 1.4969 to 1.5020, DE 0.9207 to 0.9344). The oil from Ho showed lower levels of aromatic monoterpenes and higher levels of farnesol, the oil was yellow and aroma woody/camphoraceous (1.492 RI, 0.893 D). In contrast, oils from Nsawkaw and Kofiase-Kubesiase were composed of high amounts of 1,8-cineole (43–47%), sabinene (12–15%, respectively), and were light yellow (RI 1.4695 to 1.4712, DE 0.8995 to 0.9002). A cluster analysis was performed for comparison and characterization of L. multiflora oils from Ghana other 33 oils from 10 African countries. The oils from Ghana with these five chemotypes appeared to be the most diverse oils in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Description: This article is published in Journal of Essential Oil Research and also available at https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2008.9699420
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12067
ISSN: 1041-2905
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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