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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12098

Title: Protection effect of the anthraquinones, cassiatorin and aurantio-obtusin from seeds of Senna tora against cowpea weevil attack
Authors: Chi Mbatcho, Valentine
Dickson, Rita A.
Amponsah, Isaac Kingsley
Mensah, Abraham Yeboah
Habtemariam, Solomon
Keywords: Senna tora
Cassia tora
Ovipositor deterrent
Cowpea weevil
Issue Date: Feb-2018
Publisher: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine
Citation: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine , 8(2): 98-105
Abstract: Objective: To explore the potential insecticidal, ovipositor deterrent and antifeedant effects of ethyl acetate extract of the seeds of Senna tora (Syn. Cassia tora) against cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus). Methods: The activities were evaluated using standard protocols. In these bioassays, the cowpea seeds were used directly as an insect feed. The activity of the extract and isolated compounds were tested at concentrations of 100, 200 and 300 µg/mL and compared to neem oil and cinnamaldehyde (as standard positive controls). Phytochemical analysis of the ethyl acetate extract was done through a number of chromatographic techniques and the structures of the isolated compounds were established through comprehensive spectroscopic analysis including 2D-NMR and ESI-MS studies. Results: Fractionation of the active ethyl acetate extract resulted in the isolation of one known anthraquinone, aurantio-obtusin (1) and a novel compound that was named as cassiatorin (2). Compounds 1 and 2 showed comparable insect antifeedant properties with the positive controls while their insecticidal and ovipositor deterrent effects were far superior to the standard controls. Conclusions: It is thus concluded that Senna tora extracts and the isolated compounds (1 and 2) may be employed in the postharvest management of stored cowpea seeds and as other crop protectants
Description: This article is published in Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine and also available at doi: 10.4103/2221-1691.225620
URI: 10.4103/2221-1691.225620
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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