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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12319

Title: Distribution of natural and artificial radioactivity in soils, water and tuber crops
Authors: Darko, Godfred
Faanu, Augustine
Akoto, Osei
Acheampong, A. A
Goode, Eric Jude
Gyamfi, Opoku
Keywords: Radioactivity
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Publisher: Environ Monit Assess
Citation: Environ Monit Assess,
Abstract: Activity concentrations of radionuclides in water, soil and tuber crops of a major food-producing area in Ghana were investigated. The average gross alpha and beta activities were 0.021 and 0.094 Bq/L, respectively, and are below the guidelines for drinking water and therefore not expected to pose any significant health risk. The average annual effective dose due to ingestion of radionuclide in water ranged from 20.08 to 53.45 μSv/year. The average activity concentration of 238U, 232Th, 40K and 137Cs in the soil from different farmlands in the study area was 23.19, 31.10, 143.78 and 2.88 Bq/kg, respectively, which is lower than world averages. The determined absorbed dose rate for the farmlands ranged from 23.63 to 50.51 nGy/year, which is within worldwide range of 18 to 93 nGy/year. The activity concentration of 238U, 232Th, 40K and 137Cs in cassava ranges from 0.38 to 6.73, 1.82 to 10.32, 17.65 to 41.01 and 0.38 to 1.02 Bq/kg, respectively. Additionally, the activity concentration of 238U, 232Th, 40K and 137Cs in yam also ranges from 0.47 to 4.89, 0.93 to 5.03, 14.19 to 35.07 and 0.34 to 0.89 Bq/kg, respectively. The average concentration ratio for 238U, 232Th and 40K in yam was 0.12, 0.11 and 0.17, respectively, and in cassava was 0.11, 0.12 and 0.2, respectively. None of the radioactivity is expected to cause significant health problems to human beings.
Description: This article is published in Environ Monit Assess and also available at DOI 10.1007/s10661-015-4580-9
URI: 10.1007/s10661-015-4580-9
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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