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|Title: ||Indirect phase transition of refractory nitrides compounds of: TiN, ZrN and HfN crystal structures|
|Authors: ||Abavare, Eric K.K.|
Donkor, Michael K.E.
Dodoo, Samuel N.A.
Ampong, Francis K.
Nkum, Robert K.
|Keywords: ||Indirect phase transition and phonons|
|Issue Date: ||Apr-2017|
|Publisher: ||Computational Materials Science|
|Citation: ||Computational Materials Science|
|Abstract: ||The static and dynamical phase stabilities of refractory nitrides based on plane wave calculation in the
framework of generalised gradient approximation (GGA) are reported in this work. The calculation
reveals that the postulated zinc blende (B3) phase is statically and dynamically stable unlike the cesium
chloride (B2) because of an appearance of imaginary modes in the phonon spectra which prevents the
formation of this crystal phase similar to the corresponding carbides. The soft modes of the phonon bands
were explored over a temperature range of 280–350 K. The indirect phase transition pressures from the
zinc blende to the cesium chloride structure are about 10-, 8-, and 7-fold lower compared with the direct
transformation from the ground state rock-salt structure to the B2 phase of TiN, ZrN and HfN respectively.
The calculated electronic partial density of states show strong hybridization at the gap region and that all
the crystal phases are metallic. Again, the phonon calculation showed an appearance of phonon gap for
the rock salt and the zinc blende phases but collapsed in the B2|
|Description: ||This article is published in Computational Materials Science and available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2017.04.038|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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