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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12492

Title: Heme-Mediated Induction of CXCL10 and Depletion of CD34+ Progenitor Cells Is Toll- Like Receptor 4 Dependent
Authors: Dickinson-Copeland, Carmen M.
Wilson, Nana O.
Liu, Mingli
Driss, Adel
Badu, Kingsley
et. al
Issue Date: 10-Nov-2015
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: Dickinson-Copeland CM, Wilson NO, Liu M, Driss A, Salifu H, Adjei AA, et al. (2015) Heme- Mediated Induction of CXCL10 and Depletion of CD34+ Progenitor Cells Is Toll-Like Receptor 4 Dependent. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0142328. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142328
Abstract: Plasmodium falciparum infection can cause microvascular dysfunction, cerebral encephalopathy and death if untreated. We have previously shown that high concentrations of free heme, and C-X-C motif chemokine 10 (CXCL10) in sera of malaria patients induce apoptosis in microvascular endothelial and neuronal cells contributing to vascular dysfunction, blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage and mortality. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are microvascular endothelial cell precursors partly responsible for repair and regeneration of damaged BBB endothelium. Studies have shown that EPC’s are depleted in severe malaria patients, but the mechanisms mediating this phenomenon are unknown. Toll-like receptors recognize a wide variety of pathogen-associated molecular patterns generated by pathogens such as bacteria and parasites. We tested the hypothesis that EPC depletion during malaria pathogenesis is a function of heme-induced apoptosis mediated by CXCL10 induction and toll-like receptor (TLR) activation. Heme and CXCL10 concentrations in plasma obtained from malaria patients were elevated compared with non-malaria subjects. EPC numbers were significantly decreased in malaria patients (P < 0.02) and TLR4 expression was significantly elevated in vivo. These findings were confirmed in EPC precursors in vitro; where it was determined that heme-induced apoptosis and CXCL10 expression was TLR4- mediated. We conclude that increased serum heme mediates depletion of EPC during malaria pathogenesis.
Description: An article published by Public Library of Science and also available at Public Library of Science
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12492
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