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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12652

Title: Trapping of 1,2-cyclohexadiene: A DFT mechanistic study on thereaction of 1,2-cyclohexadiene with olefins and nitrones
Authors: Boafo, Emmanuel Amoah
Darko, Kwabena
Afriyie, Bright Aryeh
Tia, Richard
Adei, Evans
Issue Date: 13-Feb-2018
Publisher: Elsevier Inc
Citation: E.A. Boafo et al. / Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling 81 (2018) 1e13. Trapping of 1,2-cyclohexadiene: A DFT mechanistic study on thereaction of 1,2-cyclohexadiene with olefins and nitrones. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmgm.2018.02.003
Abstract: The mechanistic aspects of cycloaddition reactions of 1,2-cyclohexadiene with olefins and nitrones havebeen investigated with DFT calculations. The results show that the cycloaddition reactions of 1,2-cyclohexadiene with olefins do not go through a concerted pathway (one-step mechanism) but rathera stepwise one involving the formation of a biradical intermediate which then closes to formfinalcycloadduct. Electron-withdrawing substituents on the 1,2-cyclohexadiene decrease the activation bar-rier of the biradical-forming step but increase the barrier of the product-forming step and productstability, while electron-donating substituents on the 1,2-cyclohexadiene increase the barriers for boththe biradical-forming step and the product-forming step but decrease the product stability. In the re-action of 1,2-cyclohexadiene with nitrones, the four pathways investigated have activation barrierswithin 1 kcal/mol of one another, the lowest being 10.45 kcal/mol and the highest 11.04 kcal/mol,indicating that these reactions are very unselective. Electron-withdrawing groups on the nitrone increasethe stability of the resulting products whereas electron-donating group on the nitrone decrease thestability of the resulting products. The [3þ2] cycloadduct proceeds to the formation of a more stableformal [5þ2] cycloadduct if a phenyl substituent is present on the nitrogen of the nitrone.
Description: An article published by Elsevier Inc and also available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmgm.2018.02.003
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12652
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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