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|Title: ||Prevalence of hypertension and prognosis of associated dysfunction on specific organ function among Ghanaian adolescent students|
|Authors: ||Sekyere, Abena|
Asante, Cynthia Pomaa
|Keywords: ||High blood pressure|
|Issue Date: ||14-Nov-2018|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review|
|Abstract: ||Aims: To determine prevalence of hypertension among adolescent students and prognosis of
associated dysfunction on specific organ function among adolescent students.
Study Design: A cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Three senior high schools (SHS) in Ashanti region of Ghana, namely
Anglican SHS, Konongo Odumase SHS and Bonwire SHS, between October 2016 and March 2017.
Methodology: A multi-stage sampling method was used to select 909 adolescents from the three
SHS. Participants were screened for elevated blood pressure. A total of 142 participants had high
blood pressure and were used for this study. Anthropometries; body mass index (BMI), percent
body fat (%BF), visceral fat (VF), waist circumference (WC) and blood pressure levels were
measured with recommended instruments and biochemical and haematological parameters were
assessed. Sociodemographic data were taken with questionnaire.Results: Out of 909 adolescent students, the prevalence of high blood pressure from first screening
was 9.1%. However, upon second screening from those with high blood pressure from the first
screening, prevalent rate for high blood pressure had declined to 1.21%. Hypertension was higher in
males (10.7%), compared to females (4.5%, P= 0.658). There were no significant differences
between BMI (P= 0.847), %BF (P= 0.501), VF (P= 0.195), WC (P= 0.450) among hypertensive, prehypertensive
and normotensive participants. There was no significant mean difference between
urea (P= 0.236), creatinine (P= 0.995), serum sodium (P= 0.126), serum chloride (P= 0.516), serum
potassium (P= 0.878) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (P= 0.397) and blood pressure
status. Total cholesterol (P= 0.765), triglycerides (P= 0.381), HDL (P= 0.777) and LDL (P= 0.768)
was not significantly associated with blood pressure status.
Conclusions: Participants had high blood pressure level. Despite the prevalence of high blood
pressure among adolescent population, it had no impact to cause any dysfunction in kidney,
cardiovascular and liver. Hence, appropriate diet and lifestyle management are needed to prevent
early and/or future complication of hypertension among adolescents.|
|Description: ||An article published by International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Review and also available at DOI: 10.9734/IJBCRR/2018/45034|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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