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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12931

Title: Density functional theory studies on the generation of trimethylenemethanes from the ring opening of dialkoxymethylenecyclopropanes and methylenecyclopropanethioacetals and follow-up reactions
Authors: Bekoe, Samuel
Osei, Manasseh Kusi
Tia, Richard
Adei, Evans
Keywords: Trimethylenemethane
Dialkoxymethylenecyclopropane
Ring-opening reactions
Mechanism
Density functional theory
Singlet–triplet energy gap
Issue Date: 21-Dec-2017
Publisher: Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Abstract: This work reports a detailed DFT study on the generation of trimethylenemethanes (TMMs) from the ring opening of dialkoxymethylenecyclopropane (DMCP), methylenecyclopropanethioacetal (MCPT), and substituted derivatives of DMCP and MCPT, as well as follow-up reactions of the TMMs. The singlet DMCP and MCPT were found to be 51.32 and 53.77 kcal mol−1 more stable than the triplet DMCP and MCPT respectively, corresponding to triplet:singlet population ratios of 1:1038 and 1:1040, respectively, at 25 °C using Boltzmann distribution, implying that the proportion of the triplet species is negligible at 25 °C. The ring-opening reactions occur through singlet transition states with barriers of 40.68 and 42.27 kcal mol−1 for DMCP and MCPT, respectively, and yield TMMs that are very unstable compared to the precursors, with the triplet TMM being far more stable than the singlet. Whereas the singlet TMMs readily undergo cycloaddition reactions with olefins to form five-membered carbocyclic rings, the triplet species do not. The selectivity of the reactions of the DMCP TMMs is very sensitive to temperature; at 25°C, cycloaddition with olefins and ring-closure to form ketenes have very comparable barriers while temperatures above 150 °C favor the exclusive formation of a ketene followed by dimerization. In MCPT, ring closure to form ketenes is the favored reaction at all temperatures studied.
Description: An article published by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany and also available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00894-017-3558-7
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12931
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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