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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12948

Title: Characteristics of Xanthosoma sagittifolium roots during cooking, using physicochemical analysis, uniaxial compression, multispectral imaging and low field NMR spectroscopy
Authors: Boakye, Abena A.
Keywords: Cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium)
Physicochemical properties
Texture
Multispectral imaging
Low field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR)
Cooking
Gelatinization
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publisher: J Food Sci Technol
Citation: J Food Sci Technol (August 2017) 54(9):2670–2683 DOI 10.1007/s13197-017-2704-7
Abstract: To effectively promote the industrial utilization of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) roots for enhanced food sustainability and security, there is a need to study their molecular, mechanical and physicochemical properties in detail. The physicochemical and textural characteristics of the red and white varieties of cocoyam roots were thus analysed by low field nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry, multispectral imaging, uniaxial compression testing, and relevant physicochemical analysis in the current study. Both varieties had similar dry matter content, as well as physical and mechanical properties. However, up to four fast-interacting water populations were observed in the roots, dependent on the root variety and their degree of gelatinization during cooking. Changes in the relaxation parameters indicated weak gelatinization of starch at approximately 80 C in both varieties. However, shorter relaxation times and a higher proportion of restricted water in the white variety indicated that this variety was slightly more sensitive towards gelatinization. A strong negative correlation existed between dry matter and all multispectral wavelengths[800 nm, suggesting the potential use of that spectral region for rapid analysis of dry matter and water content of the roots. The small, but significant differences in the structural and gelatinization characteristics of the two varieties indicated that they may not be equally suited for further processing, e.g. to flours or starches. Processors thus need to choose their raw materials wisely dependent on the aimed product characteristics. However, the spectroscopic methods applied in the study were shown to be effective in assessing important quality attributes during cooking of the roots.
Description: An article published in J Food Sci Technol (August 2017) 54(9):2670–2683 DOI 10.1007/s13197-017-2704-7
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/12948
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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