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Title: Preparation of cadmium zinc sulfide (Cd1−xZnxS) thin films from acidic chemical baths
Authors: Abza, Tizazu
Kofi Ampon, Francis
Fekadu, Gashaw Hone
Nkum, Robert Kwame
Keywords: Cadmium zinc sulfide
Solid solution
Acidic chemical bath
Crystal structur
Optical properties
Thin films
Issue Date: Sep-2018
Publisher: Thin Solid Films
Citation: Thin Solid Films, 666
Abstract: Ternary cadmium zinc sulfide (Cd1−xZnxS) thin films were deposited by chemical bath deposition method for the entire range of 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 from acidic chemical bath using tartaric acid and hydrazine as a complexing agents. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that the deposited thin films had hexagonal crystal structure in the range of 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6 and pure cubic phase at x = 1, whereas, the thin films deposited in the range of 0.72 ≤ x ≤ 0.9 had a mixed cubic and hexagonal structures. Furthermore, the XRD results showed that the crystalline size and lattice constants were decreased linearly with the gradual incorporations of zinc ion in the Cd1−xZnxS thin films. The optical spectroscopy investigation established that the band gap of the deposited ternary thin films found in the range of 3.84 eV to 3.94 eV. The scanning electron microscope studies illustrated that the surface morphologies of the prepared thin films were formed from spherical grains. The presence of cadmium, sulfur and Zinc elements in the synthesized thin films were confirmed by the energy dispersive x-ray analyses. The unusual large band gap obtained for pure cadmium sulfide and ternary Cd1−xZnxS thin films deposited under the present deposition condition together with the preferred orientation along the (002) plane make these thin films useful as a buffer layer in thin film solar cells.
Description: This article is published in Thin Solid Films 666 and also available at DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2018.09.011
URI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2018.09.011
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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