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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13092

Title: Dietary Pattern and Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Hypertensive Outpatients and Associated Effect on Target Organ Damage
Authors: Larbie, Christopher
Atule, Monica Talata
Afriyie, Collins
Keywords: Anthropometric
Biochemical
Cardiovascular diseases
Hypertension
Metabolic syndrome
Issue Date: 7-Jun-2019
Publisher: Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Citation: Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Abstract: Hypertension is a major global public health problem due to its related high morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries, with a prevalence of 46% in the adult population. The study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among hypertensive outpatients and its associated effect on target organs. Questionnaire was administered to 150 hypertensive outpatients and 50 non-hypertensives. Anthropometrics such as body mass index, waist circumference, body fat, visceral fat, blood pressure and biochemical parameters including lipid profile, urea, AST, ALT, and coronary risk were determined using standard procedures. Dietary pattern of hypertensives was not different from non-hypertensives. Metabolic syndrome was found to be significantly prevalent among hypertensive group than non-hypertensive group. Among cardiovascular disease markers, high coronary disease risk was significantly higher among participants with metabolic syndrome compared to those without metabolic syndrome (p=0.000). Coronary risk and ALT had weak, significant positive correlation in patients with metabolic syndrome. In effect, there is a high risk of heart, kidney and liver damage in hypertensives than non-hypertensives, which require comprehensive intervention and monitoring to reduce this burden of the disease.
Description: This article has been published by Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics and is available at DOI: 10.4172/2472-1921.100074
URI: 10.4172/2472-1921.100074
http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13092
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