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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13231

Title: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Sickle Cell Disease Among Senior High School Students in the Sunyani Municipality in the Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana.
Authors: Djan, Gordon
Mensah, Kofi Akohene
Keywords: Sickle cell,
Issue Date: 16-Nov-2020
Abstract: Background: SCD is associated with so much complications. Hence people affected by it require good medical care. About 80% of people affected by the disease are in Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards Sickle Cell Disease among Senior High School students in the Sunyani Municipality in the Brong Ahafo Region. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study which was undertaken from 19th March to 20th April, 2018. In all, 291 respondents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 and results were presented in tables, frequencies and percentages. Results: Majority of the respondents (88.0%) had heard about SCD. Majority of them (79.9%) knew that sickle cell was diagnosed by blood test. Majority of them (76.6%) knew that sickle cell is inherited. However, majority of them (72.9) did not know their SCD genotype. The commonest symptom known by most of the respondents (76.3%) was frequent illness. Only 27.5% knew bone pain and 21.6% knew joint pain as a symptom of SCD. Majority of the respondents (81.1%) agreed that that a general health facility is a support service available for people with SCD. More than half of the respondents (52.9%) knew someone with SCD and were willing to form a study group with such a person (71.1%). More than half of the respondents (51.9%) will not marry someone if there is the chance that they will give birth to a child with SCD. Conclusions: There was a general awareness of SCD but there was a knowledge gap with respect to symptoms of SCD and SCD genotype among the respondents. It is recommended that the public is educated further to fill these knowledge gaps by teachers and health personnel.
Description: A Dissertation to the Department of Community Health, School of Medical Sciences, the College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfilment of MBCHB Degree, June 2019.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13231
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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