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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13236

Title: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Lister Hospital and Fertility Centre in Ledzorkuku Krowor Municipality in the Greater- Accra Region,
Authors: Dogbatse, Lemuel Mawuli
Mensah, Kofi Akohene
Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus,
pregnant women.
Issue Date: 17-Nov-2020
Abstract: Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus proportion is increasing globally, and Sub-Saharan Africa including Ghana is no exception. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy and applies whether insulin or only diet modification is used for treatment and whether or not the condition persists after pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of gestational diabetes and its risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at Lister Hospital & Fertility Centre. Methods: A total of 136 pregnant women aged 20-45 years who were between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation attending antenatal clinics in Lister Hospital & Fertility Centre were seen within the period of June 2018 to March 2019. Their age, history of perinatal losses, history of macrosomia, history of previous GDM and family history of diabetes were taken in a standardized questionnaire, while their gestational diabetes mellitus was assessed using 75g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The plasma glucose response (PGR) was assessed and glucose tolerance status of each patient was interpreted using WHO criteria. Results: The proportion rate of GDM diagnosed by 75g OGTT was 6.5%. Significant difference was observed when GDM was related to history of macrosomia, family history of diabetes, previous history of GDM and history of perinatal losses. Conclusion: Most of the women with GDM have demonstrable risk factor and therefore all pregnant women should be screen for GDM by healthcare workers.
Description: A Dissertation submitted to the School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the Award of Degree in Public Health (Bsc), September, 2019.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13236
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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