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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13263

Title: Food security status of farming households in Bangladesh: A comparison of recipients and nonreceivers of institutional support
Authors: Al-Zabir, Abdullah
Wongnaa, Camillus Abawiera
Islam, Md. Ariful
Mozahid, Md. Nur
Keywords: food security
institutional support
farming household
Bangladesh
dietary diversity
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Taylor & Francis,
Abstract: The recent industrialized world is roaring with economic development where food security is thought to be the most important agenda to all aspects of life. United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) defines food security as ‘a state which exists when all people at all times have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life’ (FSA 2015). It is a starting factor for development of human capital of a society that integrates four dimensions of food security, viz. availability, accessibility, stability and utilization (Ali and Jabeen 2015). Accessibility is the ability to have optimum nutritious diet and is precisely linked to individuals at the household level (Grower, Ray, and Harwood 2013), availability is related to the supply of food through production, dissemination and exchange (Gregory, Ingram, and Brklacich 2005), utilization denotes absorption of food by individuals and stability means the capability to take food at all times (Tweeten 1999). According to McGuire (2015), 0.795 billion people in the world suffer from longlasting hunger and an additional 2 billion people will be on the same line due to lack of food by 2050. Moreover, one out of three people have some form of nutritional deficiency which indicates the insufficiency of minerals and vitamins in their foods, making this the leading cause of poor growth in especially children. The picture for Asia is more critical, where about 0.526 billion people pass their daily life with starvation and 3.1 million children die due to poor nutrition (Agriculture Organization 2014). So, despite industrialization and economic development throughout the world, food security has turned into a prime concern for people and also for different development organizations. Bangladesh, a developing country, has long been associated with food insecurity that coexists with poverty, the root cause of hunger and malnutrition. According to the World Food Programme (WFP), in Bangladesh, there are 160 million people and among them 31.5% live in poverty which means one out of four people is food insecure and still 36% of children under 5 suffer from stunning growth, even though according to WFP, extreme poverty has been reduced sitting at 17.6% in 2010 (Kabir, Ul, and Islam 2018). Among all the divisions in Bangladesh, Sylhet is the smallest and environmentally most diversified division, where numerous development organizations (i.e. BRAC, FAO, WHO, Water Aid, UK-Aid, IDEA etc.) operate with the aim of improving the livelihood of economically vulnerable community members through different development activities, mostly through farming, to make them food secure and economically strong. However, the geographical location of Sylhet makes farming challenging as most of the places are covered with hills which are not suitable for food crops production. Moreover, heavy rainfalls, extremely low temperatures in winter and in some places flush flood are normal phenomena which are aberrant conditions that also make farming activities difficult. Farm yields are therefore generally low in these areas and this causes food prices to increase which threatens the food security of the vulnerable inhabiting these areas.
Description: This article is published by Taylor & Francis and also available at https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2020.1804100
URI: 10.1080/20421338.2020.1804100
http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13263
Appears in Collections:College of Agric and Natural Resources

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