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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13344

Title: Tele-neurology in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review of the literature
Authors: Sarfo, Fred Stephen
Adamu, Sheila
Awuah, Dominic
Ovbiagele, Bruce
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Citation: Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 380 (2017) 196–199
Abstract: improving medical care to underserved populations. Although the greatest burden of neurological disorders is borne by Low-and-Middle Income Countries (LMICs) including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there is a profound paucity of neurologists to serve the population. Telemedicine presents a promising avenue for effectivemobilization and utilization of the few neurologists in Africa. Objective: To systematically reviewthe published literature on the use of telemedicine for improved care and outcomes for patients with neurological disorders in SSA. Methods:We searched PubMed and Cochrane library from January 1, 1980 to April 30, 2017 using the following keywords: “Telemedicine neurology Africa”, “Teleneurology Africa”, “Telestroke Africa”, “Telerehabilitation Africa”, “Telemedicine for epilepsy”, “Telemedicine for Parkinson's disease Africa”, “Telemedicine for dementia Africa”, “Telehealth neurology Africa”. Our inclusion criteriawere randomized controlled trials, or case series that reported the utilization of telemedicine for care/education of individuals with neurological disorders in sub-Saharan Africa. Results: This search yielded 6 abstracts. By consensus between two investigators, 1 publicationmet the criteria for inclusion and further review. The one study identified utilized telemedicine for the purpose of improving education/ knowledge of 16 doctors and 17 allied health professionals in Parkinson's disease (PD) in Cameroon. The study noted feasibility and satisfaction of participants with telemedicine as well as improved knowledge base of participants after the educational course but noted access to healthcare by patients did not change. No studies have evaluated the use of telemedicine for care of patients with neurological disorders. Conclusion: The indication is that teleneurologymay be feasible in SSA and studies are needed to assess feasibility, acceptability, efficacy, cost-effectiveness of this promising discipline of neurology in these resource-limited settings. We propose the setting up of trans continental, inter-regional, intra-regional, and national networks of neurologists to utilize teleneurology platforms to improve the reach of neurology care in SSA.
Description: An article published in Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 380 (2017) 196–199
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13344
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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