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|Title: ||The profile of risk factors and in-patient outcomes of stroke in Kumasi, Ghana|
|Authors: ||Sarfo, Fred Stephen|
Acheampong, J. W.
Appiah, L. T.
|Issue Date: ||Sep-2014|
|Publisher: ||Ghana Medical Journal|
|Citation: ||Ghana Medical Journal, Vol. 48, No.3, September, 2014|
|Abstract: ||Background: Stroke is an emerging public health challenge
in Ghana requiring urgent attention for its control.
Because some of the risk factors for stroke are
modifiable, characterisation of these risk factors in the
Ghanaian population as well as outcomes of stroke are
urgently needed to guide policy for non-communicable
diseases. We therefore conducted this study to evaluate
the frequencies of the traditional risk factors and outcomes
of stroke at the main tertiary referral centre in
the middle belt of Ghana in a prospective observational
Methods and results: Patients with a clinical diagnosis
of stroke were consecutively recruited and vascular
risk factors were assessed as well as markers of severity
of stroke and in-patient treatment outcomes. 265
patients were recruited, 56.6% were females and mean
± SD age of 64.6 ± 14.54 years. 85%, 73% and 58% of
patients had systemic arterial hypertension, physical
inactivity and obesity respectively as common risk
factors. We identified that patients with stroke had a
median of 3 traditional risk factors, were unaware of
the presence of these risk factors or were poorly controlled
if known. Stroke was associated with a high inpatient
case fatality rate of 43% principally among patients
with haemorrhagic stroke.
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that urgent concerted
efforts are required to improve public awareness
and management of the prevailing risk factors of stroke
|Description: ||An article published in Ghana Medical Journal, Vol. 48, No.3, September, 2014|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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