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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13394

Title: Thyroid Disorders in Central Ghana: The Influence of 20 Years of Iodization
Authors: Sarfo-Kantanka, Osei
Kyei, Ishmael
Sarfo, Fred Stephen
Ansah, Eunice Oparebea
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Journal of Thyroid Research
Citation: Journal of Thyroid Research ,Volume 2017, Article ID 7843972, 8 pages; https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7843972
Abstract: Background: Ghana began mandatory iodization of salt in 1996. This study compares the prevalence of thyroid disorders before and after the introduction of iodization. Methods. This is a retrospective study of thyroid cases from the middle belt of Ghana between 1982 and 2014. To demonstrate a link between iodization and hyperthyroidism and autoimmunity, we compared the prevalence of hyperthyroidism and autoimmune thyroid disorders before and after the iodization programme. Results. A total of 10,484 (7548 females, 2936males) caseswere recorded.The rate of thyroid cases seenwas 343/100,000.Nontoxic nodular goiters (25.7%) and toxic nodular goiters (22.5%) represented the second commonest thyroid disorders recorded.The prevalence of hyperthyroid disorders seen after 1996 was significantly higher than the prevalence seen before the iodization (40.0 versus 21.1%, 𝑝 < 0.001).Theprevalence of autoimmune disorders recorded after iodization was significantly higher than that before the iodization programme started (22.3% versus 9.6%, 𝑝 < 0.001). Conclusions. This study has revealed a significant increase in thyroid admissions in Central Ghana over the decades. A connection between iodine fortification and iodine-induced hyperthyroidism and between iodine fortification and autoimmune thyroiditis has been shown in this study.
Description: An article published in Journal of Thyroid Research, Volume 2017, Article ID 7843972, 8 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7843972
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13394
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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