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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13454

Title: The prevalence and predictive factors of breast cancer screening among older Ghanaian women
Authors: Agyemang, Akosua F.
Tei-Muno, Agnes Naki
Dzomeku, Veronica Millicent
Nakua, Emmanuel Kweku
Duodu, Precious Adade
Duah, Henry Ofori
Bentil, Anna Boakyewaa
Agbadi, Pascal
Keywords: Public health
Women's health
Health education
Aging and life course
Breast cancer screening
Firth logistic regression
Older adult women
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Heliyon 6 (2020) e03838
Abstract: Background: Breast cancer cases are on the rise in Ghana, with older adult women being more at risk of the disease. However, there is a paucity of current studies on factors that predict breast cancer screening among older adult women using nationally representative data. The present study, therefore, addressed this gap by estimating the prevalence of and identifying the factors that predict breast cancer screening among older adult women in Ghana. Methods: We used the cross-sectional survey dataset of the 2014/2015 (wave II) Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). A complex survey design methodology was employed to estimate the prevalence of breast cancer screening and the descriptive statistics of the demographic characteristics of the respondents. We used the firth logistic regression for the bivariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The estimated breast cancer prevalence among older Ghanaian adult women was 4.5%. Older Ghanaian adult women who have screened for cervical cancer [AOR: 13.29; CI: 6.12, 28.84], had attained some primary education [AOR: 3.70; CI: 1.94, 7.07], junior secondary [AOR: 4.02; CI: 1.75, 9.21], senior secondary and higher [AOR: 4.57; CI: 2.15, 9.71], and have ever participated in a club meeting [AOR: 1.85; CI: 1.05, 3.24] were more likely to screen for breast cancer. Conclusion: The significant predictors of breast cancer screening were cervical cancer screening status, formal education, and participation in club meetings. Given that the prevalence of breast cancer screening among the older adult women in Ghana is low, we recommend that policies and programs dedicated to encouraging women to screen for breast cancer should aim at giving women the opportunity to obtain higher formal education, encouraging women to be actively involved in club meetings and to intensify efforts to encourage women to screen for breast cancer.
Description: An article published in Heliyon 6 (2020) e03838
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13454
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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