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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13459

Title: Pneumonia dominance in under-five mortalities in sub-Saharan Africa- Urgency for more research and capacity improvement
Authors: Owusu Konadu, Saabea
Kwarteng Owusu, Sandra
Osei-Akoto, Alex
Nyarko, Obed Ofori
Opoku, Gilda
Adjei Osei, Francis
Keywords: Pneumonia
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: African Journal of Current Medical Research
Abstract: In low and middle-income countries (LMIC) the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in children younger than five years include pneumonia, acute diarrhoea, severe malnutrition, malaria and preterm birth and its complications.1 Pneumonia is the foremost contributor to death in children younger than five years in LMIC.1 About two-thirds of childhood pneumonia deaths are concentrated in 10 countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Angola, Indonesia, China, Chad and Afghanistan.2 Pneumonia accounts for 16 per cent of all deaths in sub-Saharan Africa compared to 14% for malaria and 10% for acute diarrhoeal diseases.3 In year 2015, an estimated 922,000 children younger than five years died from pneumonia worldwide.3 A conservative estimate of about 2,500 child lives lost every day, or over 100 every hour is attributable to pneumonia.4 Over the past two decades several interventions were introduced to help lower the incidence of pneumonia and improve case management outcomes.5 Strategies such as: promotion of duration of exclusive breastfeeding, introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV, early initiation of anti-retro viral therapy to HIV infected children have yielded much impact.6
Description: This article is published in African Journal of Medical Research and also available at 10.31191/afrijcmr.v3i1.26
URI: 10.31191/afrijcmr.v3i1.26
Appears in Collections:College of Agric and Natural Resources

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