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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13586

Title: Seroprevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C infections among pregnant women in the Asante Akim North Municipality of the Ashanti region, Ghana; a cross sectional study.
Authors: Ephraim, Richard
Donko, Isaac
Sakyi, Samuel Asamoah
Ampong, Joyce
Agbodjakey, Hope
Keywords: Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Pregnant women
Seroprevalence
Risk factors
Ghana
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Afri Health Science
Citation: Ephraim R, Donko I, Sakyi SA, Ampong J, Agbodjakey H. Seroprevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C infections among pregnant women in the Ashanti Akim North Municipality of the Ashanti region, Ghana; a cross sectional study. Afri Health Sci. 2015;15(3):709-13. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v15i3.2
Abstract: Background: Viral hepatitis is a serious public health problem affecting billions of people globally with maternal-fetal transmission on the rise. Objectives: This study sought to determine the prevalence and factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among pregnant women in the Asante Akim North Municipality, in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 168 pregnant women were recruited from the Agogo Presbyterian hospital. Blood samples were collected for the detection of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HCV antibodies. A pretested questionnaire was used to obtain demographic data and identify the risk factors associated with the two infections. Results: Of the 168 participants studied, 16 (9.5%) tested positive for HBV and 13 (7.7%) tested positive for HCV representing 9.5% and 7.7% respectively. A participant tested positive for both HBV and HCV co-infection representing 0.6%. Undertaking blood transfusion, tattooing and sharing of needles were associated with hepatitis C infection (P=0.001). HBV was not associated with any of the risk factors (P>0.05). Conclusion: Our findings suggest a high prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C among pregnant women; blood transfusion, tattooing and sharing of hypodermic needles were associated with hepatitis C infection. Measures to reduce the disease and transmission burden must be introduced.
Description: An article published by Ephraim R, Donko I, Sakyi SA, Ampong J, Agbodjakey H. Seroprevalence and risk factors of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C infections among pregnant women in the Ashanti Akim North Municipality of the Ashanti region, Ghana; a cross sectional study. Afri Health Sci. 2015;15(3):709-13. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v15i3.2
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13586
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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