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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13609

Title: Assessing the Level of Particulate Matter and Carbon Monoxide Exposure in the Kaase Community of Kumasi-Metropolis, Ghana.
Authors: Acheampong, Isaac Kwaku
Edusei, Anthony .K.
Keywords: Particulate matter,
carbon monoxide,
health effect,
Abattoir.
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2021
Abstract: Background: Particulate matter (PM) is made of solid and liquid particles from industry, traffic, domestic heating and various natural sources while carbon monoxide (CO) is scentless and profoundly poisonous gas, virtually undetectable by an individual during exposure. Both PM and CO pose some health problems. This study looked at the occupational and environmental health risks of exposure to CO and PM from biomass (car tyre and firewood smoke). Methods: This study adopted a cross sectional study design and a quantitative approach. Data was collected from both the Abattoir area and the Kaase community in the Kumasi metropolis involving 95 respondents. Of the 95 respondents, 74 were from the community and 21 Abattoir workers were recruited using convenience and cluster sampling techniques respectively. The following instruments were used, EPAM 7500 was used to sample particulate concentrations and Aeroqual series 500 gas monitor was used to sample Carbon monoxide in both the abattoir area and the community. Questionnaire was also used to assess the health effects experienced by respondents. The data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the Stata version 14.0. Results: Results from the study showed that CO mean concentrations in the abattoir area (5.78ppm) were higher than that which was recorded in the community (1.31ppm). In addition, PM 10 mean concentration in the abattoir area (2.35 mg/m3) were higher than the community (.19mg/m3). PM 2.5 was also higher in the abattoir area (.19mg/m3) than the community (.14mg/3). About health effects, both Abattoir workers and community members exposed reported some health symptoms and diseases (blurred vision, eye irritation, Hypertension, headache, nausea, asthma, respiratory tract infection, muscular weakness, chest pain, etc) associated with the exposure to CO and PM. Conclusion: I recommend that Liquefied Petroleum Gas and Biogas usage are the best in addressing CO and PM exposure.
Description: Thesis submitted to the Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Award of Degree of Master of Public Health in Occupational and Environmental Health and Safety, November 2019.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13609
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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