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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13635

Title: CKD-EPI is a Better Tool for Detecting Renal Dysfunction in Hypertensive Pregnancy: A Case-Control Study in Ghana
Authors: Fondjo, Linda Ahenkorah
Owiredu, WKBA
Sakyi, Samuel Asamoah
Obirikorang, Christian
Wilfred, Daniel
Ephraim, Richard K.D
Keywords: Preeclampsia
Renal equations
Electrolytes
CKD-EPI
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery
Citation: Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery; 2018, 6:2 DOI: 10.4172/2329-6925.1000361
Abstract: sessed the use of CKD-EPI and 4v-MDRD for early diagnosis of renal impairment in pregnant women with hypertension. Methods: This case-control study was conducted at Suntreso Government Hospital Kumasi, Ghana. In all, 220 pregnant women were recruited, 84 had Gestational Hypertension, 36 had Preeclampsia, with 100 normotensive pregnant women as controls. Structured Questionnaires were used to obtain socio-demographic and clinical information. 4 mL of venous blood was collected for estimation of electrolytes, urea, creatinine and uric acid; urine was collected for estimation of protein using dipstick. The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD-4) equations were used to assess and classify renal impairments. Results: Prevalence of renal impairment using CKD-EPI and MDRD-4 was 4.1% and 0.5% respectively. CKDEPI identified 22.2% of women with preeclampsia as having renal impairment whereas MDRD-4 identified 2.8%. Using CKD-EPI and MDRD-4, eGFR was significantly higher in the controls compared to the cases, (p<0.001). Sodium, chloride, urea, creatinine, uric acid was significantly increased in the hypertensive women. Conclusion: Renal impairment is common in hypertensive pregnant women. CKD-EPI is better equation in early detection of renal impairment in pregnant women and should be adopted as the tool for assessing renal dysfunction during routine antenatal examinations to prevent end-stage renal diseases.
Description: An article published in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery; 2018, 6:2; DOI: 10.4172/2329-6925.1000361
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13635
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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