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|Title: ||Disability on the road: road traffic accidents and disability in the Bono and Ahafo Regions of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Owusu, Wilson|
Accidents and Disability
|Issue Date: ||23-Jul-2021|
|Abstract: ||Road accidents are a major concern for all around the world which is not limited
to any geographical location. It is estimated that, 1.2 million people die from Road
Accidents annually around the world with between 20 – 50 million injuries and
disabilities. As more and more governments around the world and Ghana in particular
are injecting lot of resources into road traffic management, perhaps one area that has
received less attention is the resulting disabilities associated with RTDs.
Methodologically, this research combined both quantitative and qualitative
approaches with ambidirectional research design. The research included a sample of 337
respondents drawn from a database of 2,021 reported cases of road accident injuries to
three major hospitals in the Ahafo, Bono and Bono East regions of Ghana namely: St.
John of God Hospital (Duayaw Nkwanta), Sunyani Regional Hospital (Sunyani) and
Holy Family Hospital (Techiman). This sample was drawn purposively based on
inclusion criteria and data was gathered through telephone interview to identify the
number of people who ended up with disability at the end of their treatments. Those who
ended up with disability were further contacted for a face-to-face interview to identify
their psychological and economic challenges and their coping strategies.
The research found out that, 9 out of the 334 respondents ended up with
impairments representing a prevalence rate of 2.69% of all injuries resulting in disability.
Through further interviews, it was realized that, accident victims who have become
disabled scored an average of 37.91 (43.08%) when measured on the Impact of Event
Scare-Revised, which is far higher than the recommended 33 signifying higher levels of
psychological stress. Again, victims spent an average of GH 20,000.00 on their injury
treatments with major economic difficulties resulting from their disability. It further
identified religious and interpersonal copings as the major coping strategies employed by
disable RTA victims.
The researcher thus recommends concerted efforts from stakeholders at reducing
RTAs with major interventions aimed at alleviating the plight of disabled RTA victims|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to the Department of Health Promotion and Disability Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Philosophy (Mphil) in Disability, Rehabilitation and Development .October, 2019|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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