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|Title: ||Stroke in Ashanti Region of Ghana|
|Authors: ||AGYEMANG, C.|
DE-GRAFT AIKINS, A.
EDUSEI, A. K.
NKUM, B. C.
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2012|
|Publisher: ||Ghana Medical Journal|
|Citation: ||Ghana Medical Journal, 46(2 Suppl):12-7|
|Abstract: ||Objective: To determine the morbidity and mortality
in adult in-patients with stroke admitted to the Komfo
Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH).
Methods: A retrospective study of in-patients with
stroke admitted to the KATH, from January 2006 to
december 2007 was undertaken. Data from admission
and discharge registers were analysed to determine
stroke morbidity and mortality.
Results: Stroke constituted 9.1% of total medical adult
admissions and 13.2% of all medical adult deaths
within the period under review. The mean age of stroke
patients was 63.7 (95% ci=62.8, 64.57) years. Males
were younger than females. The overall male to female
ratio was 1:0.96, and the age-adjusted risk of death
from stroke was slightly lower for females than males
(relative risk= 0.88; 95% ci=0.79, 1.02, p=0.08). The
stroke case fatality rate was 5.7% at 24 hours, 32.7% at
7 days, and 43.2% at 28 days.
Conclusion: Stroke constitutes a significant cause of
morbidity and mortality in Ghana. Major efforts are
needed in the prevention and treatment of stroke.
Population-based health education programs and
appropriate public health policy need to be developed.
This will require a multidisciplinary approach of key
players with a strong political commitment. There is
also a clear need for further studies on this topic
including, for example, an assessment of care and
quality of life after discharge from hospital. The
outcomes of these studies will provide important
information for the prevention efforts.|
|Description: ||This article is published by Ghana Medical Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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