DSpace
 

KNUSTSpace >
Research Articles >
College of Health Sciences >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/15701

Title: Behavioural and Cognitive Effects of Cerebrovascular Diseases
Authors: Owolabi, Mayowa
Ojagbemi, Akin
Kalaria, Raj
Sarfo, Fred Stephen
Akinyemi, Rufus
Issue Date: Apr-2018
Publisher: Hindawi Behavioural Neurology Volume 2018, Article ID 7516032, 2 pages
Citation: Hindawi Behavioural Neurology Volume 2018, Article ID 7516032, 2 pages
Abstract: Cerebrovascular diseases encompass a wide range of conditions that interfere with normal cerebral circulation mostly by causing changes in the integrity of relevant blood vessels, blood components, and hemodynamics. They include several subclinical and clinically significant causes of vascular brain injuries including intracranial atherosclerosis, aneurysms, vasculitis, vascular spasm, vascular malformations, chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, infarction, and haemorrhages. These conditions are associated with high disease burden worldwide and are now among the leading causes of disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) undergoing socioeconomic transition. Recent advances in the management of cerebrovascular diseases have led to reduction in mortality rates. The impact of this progress on behavioural and cognitive outcomes of survivors remains unclear. In some LMICs, stroke due to cerebral infarction or hemorrhage has an annual incidence rate that reaches up to 316 per 100,000 [1]. The projection for cerebrovascular diseases in LMICs is that of a continuous and steep rise. This is in sharp contrast to the declining incidence rates in highincome countries (HIC). Several studies report that vascular risk factors and cerebral infarcts boost risk for cognitive impairment, dementia, depression, and anxiety [2–4]. As such, the high and increasing burden of cerebrovascular diseases in LMICs is concomitant with an increase in behavioural and cognitive defects. Individually and collectively, poststroke depression, anxiety, and dementia constitute a major public health problem with substantial personal, social, and financial burden [5]. This issue of behavioural neurology provides insight into the behavioural and cognitive sequelae of cerebrovascular diseases, especially as expressed in survivors from LMICs where the burden is escalating and the resources to mitigate the rise is disproportionately low. The call for papers for the issue came just in time for the first World Federation of Neurorehabilitation (WFNR) Conference in East, West, and Central Africa, themed “Neurorehabilitation in Africa: Adaptations and Innovations.” This maiden conference of the WFNR was in collaboration with the Blossom Medical Centre, Nigeria (a WFNR affiliated Institute), and the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan. The conference was a forum for the exchange and integration of innovative adaptive technologies in neurorehabilitation for improving the lives of patients across East, West, and Central Africa, as well as an avenue to foster relationships, mentorships, and networks required by all practising and upcoming neuroprofessionals in the region. Many papers presented at the WFNR conference were selected for inclusion in this issue.
Description: This article is published by Hindawi Behavioural Neurology and is also available at https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7516032
URI: 10.1155/2018/7516032
http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/15701
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Behavioural and Cognitive Effects of Cerebrovascular Diseases.pdf1.41 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback