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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/15839

Title: Are Malaria Risk Factors Based on Gender? A Mixed-Methods Survey in an Urban Setting in Ghana
Authors: Agbenyega, Edward Tsiri
Quaresima, Virginia
Castelli, Francesco
Oppong, Bismark
Awunyo, Julia Ann D. A.
Adomah, Priscilla Adu
Enty, Eunice
Donato, Francesco
Keywords: exposure behaviors;
insecticide-treated nets
malaria;
gender;
preventive measures;
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: MDPI, 2021
Abstract: Malaria still represents one of the most debilitating and deadly diseases in the world. It has been suggested that malaria has different impacts on women and men due to both social and biological factors. A gender perspective is therefore important to understand how to eliminate malaria. This study aimed to investigate malaria from a gender perspective in a non-for-profit private health facility, HopeXchange Medical Centre, based in Kumasi (Ghana). A sequential mixed-methods design, comprising quantitative and qualitative methods, was used. This study found low ownership (40%) and use (19%) of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Most malaria cases were women (62%), who were less educated and had more external risk factors associated with infection. Our study reported a trend of preferring malaria self-medication at home, which was practiced mostly by men (43%). Our data suggest that women are more likely to be exposed to malaria infections than men, especially due to their prolonged exposure to mosquito bites during the most dangerous hours. Our study highlighted the need for future malaria control policies to be more focused on social and behavioral aspects and from a gender perspective.
Description: This article is published at MDPI, and also available at https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6030161
URI: https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6030161
http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/15839
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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