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|Title: ||Institute of Renewable Natural Resources (I.R.N.R.), U.S.T. Kumasi|
|Authors: ||Pardi, Devine|
|Issue Date: ||10-Sep-1986|
|Series/Report no.: ||1345;|
|Abstract: ||The development of any nation depends to a large extent on the availability and judicious use of her human and natua1 resources. Natural resources per-se would not bring development. With proper management, resources can be exploited to maximise present and future benefits of mankind. On the other hand careless and unregulated exploitation of these resources may bring high short term returns at the cost of their eventual destruction.
Many countries of the third world and particularly those in Africa have been guilty of improper management of their resources. This has resulted in desertification of once fertile lands at an alarming rate.
For instance the Sahara Desert is now spreading at an annual rate of nearly 50 kin a year in certain sahelian countries.
Resources of the savannas water and forests have been attacked in the same calous manner with the result that certain useful plant and wildlife species are now threatened by imminent extinction. For instance in Ghana alone it is estimated that about 5.2 million hectares of the country’s 6.2 million hectares of unreserved closed forest will eventually disappear under alternate land use, unless a substantial reafforestation programme is carried out.1 In 1973 about 30,000 hectares of unreserved forest was lost during the Operation Feed Yourself Programme
At the present rate of exploitation, shortage of timber will occur in the long run because 40% of wood for consumption and export comes from unreserved forest areas. Projections further indicate that 50 years from now, Ghana’s wood requirements would be 77 million cubic. metres and it would be necessary at that time to have about 550,000 hectares of forest plantations to meet the country’s needs. Coming to the savanna areas too, it is estimated that about 881 km2 of savanna woodland are lost annually to cropping and pasturing and there is the need to institute special tree planting measures in this zone to help arrest the southward drift of the, Sahel into Ghana.
Considering the enormity of the problem, forest plantation programmes have since 1983 been carried out within and outside the forest zone. The Danish Aid Agency (DANIDA) has offered assistance worth $1 .5 million for the implementation of a five year tree planting project in the Upper East Region to cover experts, vehicles and. equipment. Ghana government’s contribution for the first year implementation of the project is worth l.5 million.
The species of trees being planted (which include albida) is aimed at supplementing the inhabitant’s fuel-wood requirements and to enhance the community awareness of watershed protection and erosion control.
In conclusion one may say that management of our resources seems to be in crisis. The problems requiring urgent solution and the Possibilities of finding proper solutions are not reconcileable. The general attitude has in consequence also entered into a crisis. The Institute of Renewable Natural Resources therefore represents conscious efforts by the elite to establish rational management of our resources|
|Description: ||A design thesis dissertation presented in the Faculty of Architecture in partial fulfillment
of the requirements of the Postgraduate Diploma in Architecture,1986|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Architecture and Planning|
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