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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6996

Title: Factors that influence midwifery students in Ghana when deciding where to practice: a discrete choice experiment
Authors: Ageyi-Baffour, Peter
Rominski, Sarah
Nakua, Emmanuel
Gyakobo, Mawuli
Lori, Jody R
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: BMC Medical Education
Citation: BMC Medical Education 2013, 13:64
Abstract: Background: Mal-distribution of the health workforce with a strong bias for urban living is a major constraint to expanding midwifery services in Ghana. According to the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDG) report, the high risk of dying in pregnancy or childbirth continues in Africa. Maternal death is currently estimated at 350 per 100,000, partially a reflection of the low rates of professional support during birth. Many women in rural areas of Ghana give birth alone or with a non-skilled attendant. Midwives are key healthcare providers in achieving the MDGs, specifically in reducing maternal mortality by three-quarters and reducing by two-thirds the under 5 child mortality rate by 2015. Methods: This quantitative research study used a computerized structured survey containing a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to quantify the importance of different incentives and policies to encourage service to deprived, rural and remote areas by upper-year midwifery students following graduation. Using a hierarchical Bayes procedure we estimated individual and mean utility parameters for two hundred and ninety eight third year midwifery students from two of the largest midwifery training schools in Ghana. Results: Midwifery students in our sample identified: 1) study leave after two years of rural service; 2) an advanced work environment with reliable electricity, appropriate technology and a constant drug supply; and 3) superior housing (2 bedroom, 1 bathroom, kitchen, living room, not shared) as the top three motivating factors to accept a rural posting. Conclusion: Addressing the motivating factors for rural postings among midwifery students who are about to graduate and enter the workforce could significantly contribute to the current mal-distribution of the health workforce.
Description: BMC Medical Education 2013, 13:64. Also available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/6996
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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