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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7047

Title: Drinking water quality and source reliability in rural Ashanti region, Ghana
Authors: Arnold, Meghan
VanDerslice, James A.
Taylor, Brooke
Benson, Scott
Allen, Sam
Johnson, Mark
Kiefer, Joe
Boakye, Isaac
Arhinn, Bernard
Crookston, Benjamin T.
Ansong, Daniel
Keywords: | bacteriological quality
community-based participatory research
drinking water
Ghana,
intermittent supply
standpipe
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Journal of Water and Health
Citation: Journal of Water and Health, Vol. 11 No. 1 pp 161- 172
Abstract: Site-specific information about locai water sources is an important part of a community-driven effort to improve environmentai conditions. The purpose of this assessment was to gather this information for residents of rurai viiiages in Ghana. Sanitary surveys and bacteriological testing for total coiiforms and Escherichia coli (EC) using Colilert® were conducted at nearly 80 water sources serving eight villages. A focus group was carried out to assess the desirability and perceived quality of water sources. Standpipes accounted for almost half of the available water sources; however, a third of them were not functioning at the time of the survey. EC bacteria were found in the majority of shallow wells (80%), rivers (67%), and standpipes (61%), as well as 28% of dug wells. Boreholes were free of EC. Residents felt that the standpipes and boreholes produced safe drinking water. Intermittent service and poor water quality from the piped supply has led to limited access to drinking water. The perception of residents, that the water from standpipes is clean and does not need to be treated at home, is particularly troubling in light of the poor bacterioiogical quality of water from the standpipes.
Description: Journal of Water and Health, Vol. 11 No. 1 pp 161- 172
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7047
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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