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Title: Nutrient Composition of Allanblackia Paviflora Seed Kernels and Oil Compared with some Plant Fats and Oils and Application of the Oil in Soap Preparation
Authors: Adubofuor, Joseph
Sefah, Wilfred
Oldham, James Henry
Keywords: Allanblackia paviflora
nutrient composition
plant fats and oils
sensory evaluation.
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Journal of Cereals and Oil seeds
Citation: Journal of Cereals and Oil seeds Vol. 4(1), pp. 1-9, February, 2013
Abstract: The Allanblackia tree is found in parts of West, Central and East Africa and grows primarily in tropical rainforests. The oil from the seeds has been used by local communities but not on a commercial scale. The study was conducted to determine the nutrient composition of Allanblackia paviflora seeds and compare with some plant fats as well as assess the use of the oil in soap preparation. The oil was extracted by a screw press and also by solvent extraction using petroleum ether. The proximate composition showed that the dried seed kernels have a high fat content of 67.59%, low protein and ash contents of 4.27 and 1.98%, respectively. The major minerals in the seeds were potassium and phosphorus. The predominant fatty acids in the extracted oils were stearic acid and oleic acid with contents of about 52 and 45% respectively and the lowest amount was palmitic acid. The extremely high stearic acid content and very low palmitic acid content distinguished Allanblackia oil from palm and palm kernel oils. Sensory evaluation of soap samples prepared from the oil indicated that the soap had good lathering ability and washing efficiency.
Description: Article published in Journal of Cereals and Oil seeds, 2013. Also available at www.academicjournals.org/JCO
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/7260
ISSN: 2141-6591
Appears in Collections:College of Science

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