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|Title: ||Prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in adults from a rural community in Ghana|
|Authors: ||Cook-Huynh, Mariana|
Steckelberg, Rachel Christine
Amuasi, John H.
|Issue Date: ||2012|
|Publisher: ||Ethnicity and Disease|
|Citation: ||Ethnicity and Disease, volume 22, summer 2012|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: The aim of this study was to
determine the prevalence of hypertension and
diabetes mellitus (DM) in the Adankwame
community of Ghana.
Design: This was a cross-sectional, observational
Setting: This study took place in the rural
Adankwame community of Ghana, approximately
12 km from Kumasi, Ghana.
Participants: Study subjects were adults (older
than aged 18 years). A two-tier random
sampling approach was taken to recruit study
participants to achieve a sample size of 326
adults, 94 males and 232 females.
Main Outcome Measures: The subjects’
height, weight, abdominal circumference, demographic
and risk factor information, blood
pressure measurements, and blood glucose
levels were measured and recorded.
Results: The mean systolic and diastolic blood
pressures in the population were 131 (SD
26.61) and 78 mmHg (SD 15.24), respectively.
The prevalence of hypertension was 0.35 (95%
CI 0.30-0.40). The prevalence of pre-hypertension,
Stage 1 hypertension, and Stage 2
hypertension were approximately 0.248, 0.19,
and 0.16, respectively. Mean fasting blood
sugar and random blood sugar in the study
population were 108 mg/dL (SD 35.33) and
131 mg/dL (SD 41.35), respectively. The
overall prevalence of DM in this sample
population was 0.077 (95% CI 0.05–0.11).
Conclusions: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus
are rising as diseases of public health
importance in the Adankwame community.
Research to provide substantial data on the
prevalence of these two diseases in Ghana is
needed to inform national non-communicable
disease policy. (Ethn Dis. 2012;22:347–352)|
|Description: ||Ethnicity and Disease, volume 22, summer 2012|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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