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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/8840

Title: The impact of conditional cash transfers on child health in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
Authors: Owusu-Addo, Ebenezer
Cross, Ruth
Keywords: Conditional cash transfers
Child health
Low- and middle-income countries
Programme theory
Systematic review
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2014
Publisher: International Journal of Public Health
Citation: International Journal of Public Health, 2014
Abstract: Objectives The review aimed to assess the effectiveness of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) in improving child health in low- and middle-income countries. Methods Seven electronic databases were searched for papers: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, PsychINFO, BIOSIS Previews, Academic Search Complete, and CSA Sociological Abstracts. The included studies comprised of randomised controlled trials and controlled before-andafter studies evaluating the impact of CCTs on child health. Due to the substantial heterogeneity of the studies, a narrative synthesis was conducted on the extracted data. Results Sixteen studies predominantly from Latin American countries met the inclusion criteria. The outcomes reported by the studies in relation to CCTs’ effectiveness in improving child health were reduction in morbidity risk, improvement in nutritional outcomes, health services utilisation, and immunisation coverage. Conclusions The review suggests that to a large extent, CCTs are effective in improving child health by addressing child health determinants such as access to health care, child and maternal nutrition, morbidity risk, immunisation coverage, and household poverty in developing countries particularly middle-income countries. Of importance to both policy and practice, it appears that CCTs require effective functioning of health care systems to effectively promote child health.
Description: An article published by International Journal of Public Health, 2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/8840
Appears in Collections:College of Health Sciences

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