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|Title: ||An assessment of socio-economic and environmentalimpacts of oil and gas operations: a case study of the host communities under Western and Central coastlines of Ghana|
|Authors: ||Hermas, Abudu|
|Issue Date: ||1-Nov-2016|
|Abstract: ||The goal of this work is to assess perceived income decline of fishermen and farmers as
results of oil and gas operations over the five years period (2010-2015) in coastal host
communities under Western and Central coast of Western Region, Ghana. It is also, the
objective of the study to examine apparent environmental problems (oil spills, gas flaring
and other effluents) of oil and gas operations on host communities.
This research followed contemporary research procedures, thus primary source was
applied to obtain data for the targeted aims. Recall data approach was used for data
collection process. An interactive Dummy Variable technique was employed to estimate
the elasticity of oil and gas operations on fishermen and farmers income for both current
and future terms. The Model total effect revealed that a percentage (1%) increase in oil and
gas operations, all else equal, the fishermen average monthly income will decline by
1.86%.However, Interactive dummy variable technique actual shows that farmers do not
experience any decline in income levels caused by petroleum activities on host
communities. Some finding were that, majority of folks whose properties affected by oil
and gas operations were not compensated for and those who received compensations were
not comparatively compensated for and hence they bemoaned the payments.
There is destruction of main traditional economic venture: fishermen are almost out of
business and some farm lands, sacred vegetation are cleared. There is also high cost of
living in some host communities: increased cost of goods and services and decreased
income level of fishermen.
Finally, there is an improved level of health, water and educational infrastructures in some
host communities. The questionnaire method establishes that, oil spills, gas flaring and
effluent have not engulfed host communities at the time of this research.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to Department of Economics in partial fulfilment of Master of Science Economics (Energy and Natural Resource Option), 2016|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Arts and Social Sciences|
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