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|Title: ||Prevalence of preventable household risk factors for childhood burn injury in semi-urban Ghana: A population-based survey|
|Authors: ||Ebel, Beth E|
|Issue Date: ||3-May-2016|
|Citation: ||Burns Volume 42, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages 633–638|
|Abstract: ||Childhood burns are a leading cause of injury in low- and middle-income countries;
most of which are preventable. We aimed to describe the prevalence of household risk
factors for childhood burn injury (CBI) in semi-urban Ghana to inform prevention strategies
for this growing population.
We conducted a population-based survey of 200 households in a semi-urban
community in Ghana. Households were randomly selected from a list of 6520 households
with children aged <18 years. Caregivers were interviewed about CBI within the past 6
months and potentially modifiable household risk factors.
Results: Of 6520 households, 3856 used charcoal for cooking (59%) and 3267 cooked indoors
(50%). In 4544 households (70%), the stove/cooking surface was within reach of children
under-five (i.e., <1 m). Higher household wealth quintiles (OR 0.95; 95%CI 0.61–1.49) and
increasing age (OR 0.82; 95%CI 0.68–0.99) were associated with lower odds of CBI. Living in
uncompleted accommodation (OR 11.29; 95%CI 1.48–86.18 vs rented room) and cooking
outside the house (OR 1.13; 95%CI 0.60–2.14 vs cooking indoors) were also predictive of CBI.
This study identified a high prevalence of CBI risk factors in semi-urban
households that may benefit from targeted community-based prevention initiatives.|
|Description: ||This Article was published by Burns
Volume 42, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages 633–638|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Health Sciences|
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