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|Title: ||Performance, Compliance and Reliability of Waste Stabilization Pond: Effluent Discharge Quality and Environmental Protection Agency Standards in Ghana|
|Authors: ||Owusu-Ansah, Emmanuel De-Graft Johnson|
Amponsah, Samuel K.
Abaidoo, Robert C.
|Keywords: ||Coefficient of reliability|
Coefficient of variation
Effluent quality discharge
Performance and compliance
Probability of reliability
Waste stabilization ponds
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Publisher: ||Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology|
|Citation: ||Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 10(11): 1293-1302, 2015 DOI: 10.19026/rjaset.10.1825|
|Abstract: ||Measuring performance has been arguerably, one of the metric with many facets with different school of
thoughts, as there exist different approaches of measuring it. Several of the existing approaches measure such metric
by comparison with standards esherined in policy documents and as a result, takes less look to its compliance and
reliability of values being matched to an established standards. This study seeks to integrate reliability and
compliance into measuring of performance of Waste Stabilization Pond (WSP) and Treatment Plant (TP) as well as
to generate the appropriate standard chart tables using the Ghana Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved
discharge values for physico-chemical and some biological parameters to account for these shortfalls on over
reliance of EPA discharge standards. Probability distribution density function was applied on the lognormal
distribution function to establish the relationship between the statistical coefficient of variation and the coefficient of
reliability based on rth moment about the origin in the moment of generation function to generate the functions of the
mean and standard deviation, properties of the standard Z normal distribution were used to establish the coefficient
of reliability relationship depending on the coefficient of variation influenced by the standard of deviation.
Discharge values of Physico-chemical Parameters measured from the WSP were found be performing acceptably
based on the EPA standards, whereas only four of the TP were acceptable. Discharge Values of physico-chemical
and biological parameters which are found to be accepted under comparison with EPA standards were found to have
compliance levels below what is generally accepted for Waste Stabilization Ponds (WSP) designed compliance.
Based on these shortcomings, reference charts were develop to serve as reference points in assessing the various
characteristics of compliance and performance of WSPs in Ghana on (28) physico-chemical and biological
parameters. These charts are intended to make it easier to assess the performance of WSPs and its corresponding
reliability and compliance level to compensate for overreliance on EPA standards alone.|
|Description: ||An article published by Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 10(11): 1293-1302, 2015
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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