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|Title: ||The effect of dietary intake of antioxidant micronutrients on burn wound healing: a study in a tertiary health institution in a developing country|
|Authors: ||Oduro, Ibok|
|Keywords: ||Wound healing|
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Publisher: ||Burns & Trauma|
|Citation: ||Burns & Trauma (2015) 3:12 DOI 10.1186/s41038-015-0012-x|
|Abstract: ||Burn injury results in emotional stress affecting dietary intake and antioxidant micronutrient intake,
which is known to have effects on recovery outcomes. The study aimed to assess dietary intake of antioxidant
micronutrients and recovery outcomes of burn patients.
Questionnaires were administered to 40 burn patients at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (Ghana) from
January 1, 2014 to May 30, 2014. The data taken include anthropometric measurements and dietary assessment.
Their nutrient intakes were assessed with the Nutrient Analysis Template. The average intakes were compared to
the recommended daily allowance. Assessment of recovery was based on records of wound healing assessments
and infection rates from the health practitioners.
A cross-sectional study of 40 patients revealed an average total burn surface area (TBSA) of 31.4 %, where
70.0, 35.0, 75.0, 52.5, 12.5 and 32.5 % patients were deficient in vitamins A, C and E, zinc, copper and selenium,
respectively and adequate amounts of vitamin C intake were related with significantly better wound healing
progress. Positive wound healing outcomes were observed for patients with adequate vitamins A and E and zinc
intake. Less infection presented among patients with adequate amount of vitamins A and C and zinc, but this was
not observed for patients with adequate vitamin E, copper and selenium.
Most burn patients did not meet their dietary requirements for antioxidant micronutrients and this
was due to meals not tailored to suit individual requirements. Adequacy of the antioxidants especially vitamin C
resulted in positive wound healing outcomes. Hence, there is need for planned well-balanced meals of high
|Description: ||This Articlen was published by Burns & Trauma (2015) 3:12 DOI 10.1186/s41038-015-0012-x|
|Appears in Collections:||College of Science|
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